Category: Medicine



The Model T Ford

The year is 1910 one hundred and two years ago. What a difference a century makes!

Here are some statistics for the Year 1910:

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The average life expectancy for men was 47 years.

Fuel for this car was sold in drug stores only.

Only 14 percent of the homes had a bathtub.

Only 8 percent of the homes had a telephone.

There were only 8,000 cars and only 144 miles of paved roads.

The maximum speed limit in most cities was 10 mph.

The tallest structure in the world was the Eiffel Tower !

The average US wage in 1910 was 22 cents per hour.

The average US worker made between $200 and $400 per year.

A competent accountant could expect to earn $2000 per year, A dentist $2,500 per year,
a veterinarian between $1,500 and $4,000 per year, and a mechanical engineer about
$5,000 per year.

More than 95 percent of all births took place at HOME.

Ninety percent of all Doctors had NO COLLEGE EDUCATION!
Instead, they attended so-called medical schools, many of which were condemned in the press
AND the government as ‘substandard.’

Sugar cost four cents a pound.

Eggs were fourteen cents a dozen.

Coffee was fifteen cents a pound.

Most women only washed their hair once a month, and used Borax or egg yolks for shampoo.

Canada passed a law that prohibited poor people from entering into their country for any reason.

The Five leading causes of death were:
1. Pneumonia and influenza
2. Tuberculosis
3. Diarrhea
4. Heart disease
5. Stroke

The American flag had 45 stars.

The population of Las Vegas , Nevada was only 30!

Crossword puzzles, canned beer, and iced tea hadn’t been invented yet.

There was no Mother’s Day or Father’s Day.

Two out of every 10 adults couldn’t read or write and only 6 percent of all Americans had
graduated from high school.

Marijuana, heroin, and morphine were all available over the counter at the local corner drugstores.

Back then pharmacists said, ‘Heroin clears the complexion, gives buoyancy to the mind, regulates the stomach and bowels, and is, in fact, a perfect guardian of health’

( Shocking? DUH! )

Eighteen percent of households had at least one full-time servant or domestic help.

There were about 230 reported murders in the ENTIRE
U. S. A. !

I am now going to forward this to someone else without typing it myself.
From there, it will be sent to others all over the WORLD — all in a matter of seconds!

Try to imagine what it may be like in another 100 years.

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Junk food may be as addictive as drugs
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-11-02/fatty-foods-addictive-as-cocaine-in-growing-body-of-science.html

From Robert Langreth and Duane D. Stanford on Bloomberg.com

Image via Technoccult blog. Click to go there.

“Cupcakes may be addictive, just like cocaine.

A growing body of medical research at leading universities and government laboratories suggests that processed foods and sugary drinks made by the likes of PepsiCo Inc. and Kraft Foods Inc. (KFT)aren’t simply unhealthy. They can hijack the brain in ways that resemble addictions to cocaine, nicotine and other drugs.

“The data is so overwhelming the field has to accept it,” said Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse. “We are finding tremendous overlap between drugs in the brain and food in the brain.”

The idea that food may be addictive was barely on scientists’ radar a decade ago. Now the field is heating up. Lab studies have found sugary drinks and fatty foods can produce addictive behavior in animals. Brain scans of obese people and compulsive eaters, meanwhile, reveal disturbances in brain reward circuits similar to those experienced by drug abusers.
Twenty-eight scientific studies and papers on food addiction have been published this year, according to a National Library of Medicine database. As the evidence expands, the science of addiction could become a game changer for the $1 trillion food and beverage industries.

If fatty foods and snacks and drinks sweetened with sugar and high fructose corn syrup are proven to be addictive, food companies may face the most drawn-out consumer safety battle since the anti-smoking movement took on the tobacco industry a generation ago.

‘Fun-for-You’
“This could change the legal landscape,” said Kelly Brownell, director of Yale University’s Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity and a proponent of anti-obesity regulation. “People knew for a long time cigarettes were killing people, but it was only later they learned about nicotine and the intentional manipulation of it.”

Food company executives and lobbyists are quick to counter that nothing has been proven, that nothing is wrong with what PepsiCo Chief Executive Officer Indra Nooyi calls “fun-for- you” foods, if eaten in moderation. In fact, the companies say they’re making big strides toward offering consumers a wide range of healthier snacking options. Nooyi, for one, is as well known for calling attention to PepsiCo’s progress offering healthier fare as she is for driving sales.

Coca-Cola Co. (KO), PepsiCo, Northfield, Illinois-based Kraft and Kellogg Co. of Battle Creek,Michigan, declined to grant interviews with their scientists.

No one disputes that obesity is a fast growing global problem. In the U.S., a third of adults and 17 percent of teens and children are obese, and those numbers are increasing. Across the globe, from Latin America, to Europe to Pacific Island nations, obesity rates are also climbing.

Cost to Society
The cost to society is enormous. A 2009 study of 900,000 people, published in The Lancet, found that moderate obesity reduces life expectancy by two to four years, while severe obesity shortens life expectancy by as much as 10 years. Obesity has been shown to boost the risk ofheart disease, diabetes, some cancers, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea and stroke, according to theCenters for Disease Control and Prevention. The costs of treating illness associated with obesity were estimated at $147 billion in 2008, according to a 2009 study in Health Affairs.

Sugars and fats, of course, have always been present in the human diet and our bodies are programmed to crave them. What has changed is modern processing that creates food with concentrated levels of sugars, unhealthy fats and refined flour, without redeeming levels of fiber or nutrients, obesity experts said. Consumption of large quantities of those processed foods may be changing the way the brain is wired.

A Lot Like Addiction
Those changes look a lot like addiction to some experts. Addiction “is a loaded term, but there are aspects of the modern diet that can elicit behavior that resembles addiction,” said David Ludwig, a Harvard researcher and director of the New Balance Foundation Obesity Prevention Center at Children’s Hospital Boston. Highly processed foods may cause rapid spikes and declines in blood sugar, increasing cravings, his research has found.

Education, diets and drugs to treat obesity have proven largely ineffective and the new science of obesity may explain why, proponents say. Constant stimulation with tasty, calorie- laden foods may desensitize the brain’s circuitry, leading people to consume greater quantities of junk food to maintain a constant state of pleasure.

In one 2010 study, scientists at Scripps Research Institute in Jupiter, Florida, fed rats an array of fatty and sugary products including Hormel Foods Corp. (HRL) bacon, Sara Lee Corp. (SLE)pound cake, The Cheesecake Factory Inc. (CAKE) cheesecake and Pillsbury Co. Creamy Supreme cake frosting. The study measured activity in regions of the brain involved in registering reward and pleasure through electrodes implanted in the rats.

Binge-Eating Rats
The rats that had access to these foods for one hour a day started binge eating, even when more nutritious food was available all day long. Other groups of rats that had access to the sweets and fatty foods for 18 to 23 hours per day became obese, Paul Kenny, the Scripps scientist heading the study wrote in the journal Nature Neuroscience. The results produced the same brain pattern that occurs with escalating intake of cocaine, he wrote.

“To see food do the same thing was mind-boggling,” Kenny later said in an interview.

Researchers are finding that damage to the brain’s reward centers may occur when people eat excessive quantities of food.

Sweet Rewards
In one 2010 study conducted by researchers at the University of Texas in Austin and theOregon Research Institute, a nonprofit group that studies human behavior, 26 overweight young women were given magnetic resonance imaging scans as they got sips of a milkshake made with Haagen-Dazs ice cream and Hershey Co. (HSY)’s chocolate syrup.

The same women got repeat MRI scans six months later. Those who had gained weight showed reduced activity in the striatum, a region of the brain that registers reward, when they sipped milkshakes the second time, according to the study results, published last year in the Journal of Neuroscience.

“A career of overeating causes blunted reward receipt, and this is exactly what you see with chronic drug abuse,” said Eric Stice, a researcher at the Oregon Research Institute.

Scientists studying food addiction have had to overcome skepticism, even from their peers. In the late 1990s, NIDA’s Volkow, then a drug addiction researcher at Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island, applied for a National Institutes of Health grant to scan obese people to see whether their brain reward centers were affected. Her grant proposal was turned down.

Finding Evidence
“I couldn’t get it funded,” she said in an interview. “The response was, there is no evidence that food produces addictive-like behaviors in the brain.”

Volkow, working with Brookhaven researcher Gene-Jack Wang, cobbled together funding from another government agency to conduct a study using a brain scanning device capable of measuring chemical activity inside the body using radioactive tracers.

Researchers were able to map dopamine receptor levels in the brains of 10 obese volunteers. Dopamine is a chemical produced in the brain that signals reward. Natural boosters of dopamine include exercise and sexual activity, but drugs such as cocaine and heroin also stimulate the chemical in large quantities.

In drug abusers, brain receptors that receive the dopamine signal may become unresponsive with increased drug usage, causing drug abusers to steadily increase their dosage in search of the same high. The Brookhaven study found that the obese people also had lowered levels of dopamine receptors compared with a lean control group.

Addicted to Sugar
The same year, psychologists at Princeton University began studying whether lab rats could become addicted to a 10 percent solution of sugar water, about the same percentage of sugar contained in most soft drinks.

An occasional drink caused no problems for the lab animals. Yet the researchers found dramatic effects when the rats were allowed to drink sugar-water every day. Over time they drank “more and more and more” while eating less of their usual diet, said Nicole Avena, who began the work as a graduate student at Princeton and is now a neuroscientist at the University of Florida….”

Read it all on Bloomberg.com

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-11-02/fatty-foods-addictive-as-cocaine-in-growing-body-of-science.html

Loren Foster aka shadolrds

“From Whom Words Shadow Doles”

/https://shadolrds.wordpress.com


Women are Worth Something!…But what have they done Lately?
http://www.tecca.com/pictures/for-ada-lovelace-day-9-women-who-left-their-mark-in-science-and-technology/1/#TeccaPhotoID=1

For Ada Lovelace Day, 9 women who left their mark in science and technology

From the first computer program to radiation, we wouldn’t be where we are today without their contributions.

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  • Your review of The Last Dragon just went live on Amazon.com‏

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Amazon.com
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Dear shadolrds,
Your latest review has just gone live on Amazon. We and millions of shoppers on Amazon appreciate the time you took to write about your experience with this item.
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~Dark Horse
4.1 out of 5 stars (17)

4.0 out of 5 stars The Last Dragon, or The Answer my Friend, is Burning on the Wind, November 6, 2011
This review is from: The Last Dragon (Hardcover)

The Last Dragon, or The Answer my Friend, is Burning on the Wind

Title: The Last Dragon

Publisher: Dark Horse Comics

Imprint: Dark Horse Books

ISBN: 9781595827982

Author: Jane Yolen

Illustrated by: Rebecca Guay

The Last Dragon

If a picture is truly worth a 1,000 words, then “The Last Dragon”‘s illustrations, by Rebecca Guay, gives flight to a Trilogy’s worth of Jane Yolen’s words perfectly matted and framed.

The idyllic lifestyles of this little Meddlesome backwater is about to be disrupted, their lives turned upside down. After a building string of missing animals the village Healer, Tansy’s father disappears.

The speculation runs wild, and rumors rampant. Could it truly be the wicked work of a Dragon, long gone these last 2oo years? A Hero is need, but none can be found on the Isle of Medd.

Come join Jane, and Rebecca on Tansy and these minions of Medd, on their quest for a Hero, to clear the skies, and perhaps save the day for humanity.

You will not be disappointed, your interest will take flight, your heart strings will be plucked, and your expectations will soar on the winds like a kite.

Reviewed for Netgalley.com

Loren Foster aka shadolrds

“From Whom Words Shadow Doles”


The Last Dragon, or The Answer my Friend, is Burning on the Wind

Title: The Last Dragon

Publisher: Dark Horse Comics

Imprint: Dark Horse Books

ISBN: 9781595827982

Author: Jane Yolen

Illustrated by: Rebecca Guay

The Last Dragon

If a picture is truly worth a 1,000 words, then “The Last Dragon”‘s illustrations, by Rebecca Guay, gives flight to a Trilogy’s worth of Jane Yolen’s words perfectly matted and framed.

The idyllic lifestyles of this little Meddlesome backwater is about to be disrupted, their lives turned upside down.  After a building string of missing animals the village Healer, Tansy’s father disappears.

The speculation runs wild, and rumors rampant.  Could it truly be the wicked work of a Dragon, long gone these last 2oo years?  A Hero is need, but none can be found on the Isle of Medd.

Come join Jane, and Rebecca on Tansy and these minions of Medd, on their quest for a Hero, to clear the skies, and perhaps save the day for humanity.

You will not be disappointed, your interest will take flight, your heart strings will be plucked, and your expectations will soar on the winds like a kite.

Reviewed for Netgalley.com

Reviews Posted

http://www.amazon.com/

http://www.rexrobotreviews.com/

and of course

Loren Foster aka shadolrds

“From Whom Words Shadow Doles”

https://shadolrds.wordpress.com/2011/11/07/the-last-dragon-or-the-answer-my-friend-is-burning-on-the-wind/

One Flu Over the Cuckoos Nest


FLU SEASON


To avoid it…
 
Eat right! 
Make sure you get your daily dose of fruit and veggies.

Take your vitamins and bump up your vitamin C.

Get plenty of exercise because it builds your immune system.


Walk for at least an hour a day.

go for a swim,


take the stairs instead of the lift, etc..


Wash your hands often. 
If you can’t, keep a bottle of antibacterial stuff around.


Get lots of fresh air. 
Open doors & windows whenever possible.



Try to eliminate as much stress from your life as you can.

Get plenty of rest. 

OR 



Take the doctor’s approach.
Think about it… 
When you go for a flu shot, what do they do first?They clean your arm with alcohol.Why? 

Because Alcohol KILLS GERMS. 

So…
I walk to the pub.  (exercise)I put lime in my vodka. (fruit)Celery in my Bloody Mary.  (veggies)Drink outdoors on the patio.  (fresh air)

Tell jokes and laugh.  (eliminate stress)

Then I pass out.  (rest)


The way I see it…
If you keep your alcohol levels up, 

flu germs can’t get you! REMEMBER:
‘A shot in the glass
is better than one in the ass!’
Live Well –
Laugh Often –
Love Much
Live Well –
Laugh Often –
Love Much