Category: Science



Microwaving Water!
A 26-year old man decided to have a cup of coffee. He took a cup of water and put it in the microwave to heat it up (something that he had done numerous times before). I am not sure how long he set the timer for, but he wanted to bring the water to a boil. When the timer shut the oven off, he removed the cup from the oven. As he looked into the cup, he noted that the water was not boiling, but suddenly the water in the cup ‘blew up’ into his face. The cup remained intact until he threw it out of his hand, but all the water had flown out into his face due to the build-up of energy. His whole face is blistered and he has 1st and 2nd degree burns to his face which may leave scarring.

He also may have lost partial sight in his left eye. While at the hospital, the doctor who was attending to him stated that this is a fairly common occurrence and water (alone) should never be heated in a microwave oven. If water is heated in this manner, something should be placed in the cup to diffuse the energy such as a wooden stir stick, tea bag, etc, (nothing metal).

General Electric’s Response:

Thanks for contacting us; I will be happy to assist you. The e-mail that you received is correct. Microwaved water and other liquids do not always bubble when they reach boiling point. They can actually get superheated and not bubble at all. The superheated liquid will bubble up out of the cup when it is moved or when something like a spoon or tea bag is put into it.

To prevent this from happening and causing injury, do not heat any liquid for more than two minutes per cup. After heating, let the cup stand in the microwave for thirty seconds before moving it or adding anything into it.

Here is what a local high school science teacher had to say on the matter: ‘Thanks for the microwave warning. I have seen this happen before. It is caused by a phenomenon known as super heating. It can occur any time water is heated and will particularly occur if the vessel that the water is heated in is new, or when heating a small amount of water (less than half a cup).

What happens is that the water heats faster than the vapor bubbles can form. If the cup is very new, then it is unlikely to have small surface scratches inside it that provide a place for the bubbles to form. As the bubbles cannot form and release some of the heat that has built up, the liquid does not boil, and the liquid continues to heat up well past its boiling point.

What then usually happens is that the liquid is bumped or jarred, which is just enough of a shock to cause the bubbles to rapidly form and expel the hot liquid. The rapid formation of bubbles is also why a carbonated beverage spews when opened after having been shaken.’

If you pass this on
, you could very well save someone from a lot of pain and suffering.

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The Model T Ford

The year is 1910 one hundred and two years ago. What a difference a century makes!

Here are some statistics for the Year 1910:

**************************************************************************************************************

The average life expectancy for men was 47 years.

Fuel for this car was sold in drug stores only.

Only 14 percent of the homes had a bathtub.

Only 8 percent of the homes had a telephone.

There were only 8,000 cars and only 144 miles of paved roads.

The maximum speed limit in most cities was 10 mph.

The tallest structure in the world was the Eiffel Tower !

The average US wage in 1910 was 22 cents per hour.

The average US worker made between $200 and $400 per year.

A competent accountant could expect to earn $2000 per year, A dentist $2,500 per year,
a veterinarian between $1,500 and $4,000 per year, and a mechanical engineer about
$5,000 per year.

More than 95 percent of all births took place at HOME.

Ninety percent of all Doctors had NO COLLEGE EDUCATION!
Instead, they attended so-called medical schools, many of which were condemned in the press
AND the government as ‘substandard.’

Sugar cost four cents a pound.

Eggs were fourteen cents a dozen.

Coffee was fifteen cents a pound.

Most women only washed their hair once a month, and used Borax or egg yolks for shampoo.

Canada passed a law that prohibited poor people from entering into their country for any reason.

The Five leading causes of death were:
1. Pneumonia and influenza
2. Tuberculosis
3. Diarrhea
4. Heart disease
5. Stroke

The American flag had 45 stars.

The population of Las Vegas , Nevada was only 30!

Crossword puzzles, canned beer, and iced tea hadn’t been invented yet.

There was no Mother’s Day or Father’s Day.

Two out of every 10 adults couldn’t read or write and only 6 percent of all Americans had
graduated from high school.

Marijuana, heroin, and morphine were all available over the counter at the local corner drugstores.

Back then pharmacists said, ‘Heroin clears the complexion, gives buoyancy to the mind, regulates the stomach and bowels, and is, in fact, a perfect guardian of health’

( Shocking? DUH! )

Eighteen percent of households had at least one full-time servant or domestic help.

There were about 230 reported murders in the ENTIRE
U. S. A. !

I am now going to forward this to someone else without typing it myself.
From there, it will be sent to others all over the WORLD — all in a matter of seconds!

Try to imagine what it may be like in another 100 years.


Nevermet Press

Link to Nevermet Press

Sky Admiral Jules Verne vs. Mark Twainbot – A Match of Titans!

Posted: 07 Dec 2011 09:00 AM PST

Verne vs. Twain - A Match of Titans!Sky Admiral Verne vs. Twainbot – A Match of Titans!

SteampunkKindle.com is running a contest: Mark Twain vs. Jules Verne Boxing Match. Vote for who would win, and why – and get a free copy of Stories in the Ether for your Kindle along the way! Here’s the highlight from their blog:

It’s ON! Like Grey Poupon! There’s a battle about to commence- a Battle of The Books! And you will take home the spoils! Our own mascots, Sky Admiral Jules Verne and Mark Twainbot are going head-to-head in a fierce competition for supremacy, and they’re both looking for your support. Cast your vote and add some smack-talk (gentlemanly, of course), and we’ll send you a fabulous Steampunk eBook just for participating: “Stories in the Ether, Issue 1″ from Nevermet Press. Ten lucky winners will also receive“Stories in the Ether, Issue 2″ as well!

Also, a savage beating in the boxing-ring will unfold. You won’t want to miss the hilarious exchange in the running comments stream as our combatants spar verbally; and you are encouraged to add your own contribution!

Visit the original post to ENTER the Sweepstakes and Vote on which on of these Titans will be champion!

Cheers all!

Visit the original post, Sky Admiral Jules Verne vs. Mark Twainbot – A Match of Titans!, at Nevermet Press. Subscribe via RSSTwitter, or Facebook.


 

They have Melissa Knowles in common!

Check her out at
http://news.yahoo.com/blogs/trending-now/ancient-whale-bones-discovered-desert-parents-outraged-hooters-165721306.html?fb_action_ids=2350812807548&fb_action_types=news.reads&fb_source=other_multiline

Ancient Whale Bones Discovered in Desert, Parents Outraged by Hooters Waitress’s Visit to Special-Needs School

 

 

http://d.yimg.com/nl/ynews/trendingnow/player.html#vid=27339996&playlistId=25040574&autoPlay=true&browseCarouselUI=hide

To get my updates all day, follow me on Twitter @Knowlesitall and “like” me on Facebook!

Paleontologists in Chile have made a surprising discovery in the desert. Scientists uncovered what appears to be a massive graveyard of whale bones in

AP Images

Copiapo, more than a half-mile from the ocean. More than 80 whales, including 25 complete skeletons, were found in one of the driest deserts in the world. There is currently a construction project to widen the highway near the Atacama Desert, where the bones were found. Scientists believe the bones could be between 2 million and 7 million years old. So how did the whales make their way from the ocean to the desert and end up so close to one another when they died? Scientists have many theories: Maybe the area was once a lagoon and it dried up, maybe there was a giant wave that flung the whales onto shore, or maybe a giant earthquake sealed them off. Whale bones were not the only find for the paleontologists. A dolphin carcass with walrus-like tusks was also uncovered. Scientists say this discovery gives them a glimpse of ancient sea life. One paleontologist said, “The fossils are exceptionally well preserved and quite complete–a rare combination in paleontology and one that will likely shed light on many facets of the . . . ecology and evolution of these extinct species.” People on social media are debating creationism vs. evolution theories. Some people are just waiting for a scientific explanation. Still others are saying they should “accept the biblical account of the flood.”

Parents in Clearwater, Florida, are upset after a certain speaker was brought in to talk to their kids at school. Brittany Morgan, a Hooters waitress, spoke during “the Great American Teach-In,” a career event at the special-needs school. Morgan discussed looking presentable at work, tipping, and Hooters charity work with the students at Calvin A. Hunsinger School. She did not wear the Hooters uniform (skimpy orange shorts, low-cut white tank top, flesh-toned hosiery, white socks, and white sneakers) to speak in front of the kids. One parent was still disturbed, saying, “It’s just the wrong message . . . like we’re telling them that you’re the bad kids and this is all you’ll be in life.” Some people on Twitter agree, saying, “Can we raise the bar for kids’ aspirations?” Morgan said she understands why the parents might be upset, but that there was nothing inappropriate about her speech. Morgan added, “Most of us are going to school. We’re aspiring to do other things in life. This isn’t our career.” The principal of Hunsinger, Stephani Bessette, defended Morgan’s appearance, saying “Working as a waiter or waitress to achieve higher goals should be commended.” Hooters states that its mission is “to provide a family of hospitality and services that achieves excellence and enhances lifestyles of all who come in contact with the Hooters brand.”

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Countdown: M Day! Over and Done.

Tom Kratman makes you sympathize and understand the reasons of the enemy, making it all the harder to see them killed off. War at its Best, War at its Worst, all boils down to Manpower and Money, and the willingness to spend both when needs must.

Over all I enjoyed  the 1st of this series “Countdown: The Liberators” much more.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loren Foster aka shadolrds

“From Whom Words Shadow Doles”

/https://shadolrds.wordpress.com


AUTO – LEISURE

Dok-ing XD is a Croatian Electric Dream Car
Published November 17, 2011 | FoxNews.com


FoxNews.com

Some kids never grow up.

Croatian industrialist Vjekoslav Majetic has created an electric car, the Dok-ing XD, which he calls his “childhood dream.” It made its American debut at the 2011 Los Angeles Auto Show.

Just 9 feet long, the futuristic microcar features gullwing doors and seating for three, with the driver in the center and two passengers set back on either side.

The car is powered by a 33 kWh battery pack and either two or four electric motors with a maximum output of 240 hp. According to Dok-ing, the more powerful version can accelerate from 0-60 mph in a supercar-quick 4.2 seconds, the same as the Tesla Roadster, and has a range of up to 135 miles per charge. The slower, but still sporty two-motor model can go 155 miles between charges.

Built on a lightweight aluminum chassis designed in house, the tall and wide XD features a racecar-style double wishbone suspension front and rear.

Dok-ing is planning to build 1,000 XDs for sale in Croatia at a price of around $108,000, but a company rep tells FoxNews.com that it is looking for investors to help federalize the car and set up a manufacturing facility for it in the United States. If successful, it says that it could produce up to 30,000 cars at a price of around $40,000 each.

If that sounds ambitious, keep in mind that the Zagreb company’s main business is building robotic vehicles for firefighting, mining and mine-sweeping that are used by the U.S. and other militaries around the world. Its motto: don’t send a man to do a machine’s job.

And the XD isn’t the first electric sports car concept to come out of Croatia. Earlier this year another Zagreb-based company, Rimac Automobili, unveiled the Concept One, a more traditional-looking sports car that boasts 1088 hp and a top speed of 190 mph.

Read: Croatia’s 190 MPH Electric Supercar

Could Zagreb become the electric motor city? In the battery-powered dream world anything seems possible.

Click here for more from FoxNews.com Autos

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Steampunk Jewelry Lives!

http://www.etsy.com/shop/CatherinetteRings?section_id=5408585

Dragons Flys!

Steampunk Neo Victorian Bracelet - Copper brass RED Czech Glass Art Deco DRAGONFLY

Tributes to the Dead Heads!

Roses Are Red

But the Eyes Have It!

Much, Much More! Go now and Adore!

Buy them Up! For Sure, the are now Ashore!


Shadowfist! Out of the Darkness and Across Time!

Maybe the Glass is really Half Full!

“Do you love Shadowfist but have no one with whom you can play in your area? Shoot us a message and we’ll either give you the tools to start your own Shadowfist group or find hidden players you might not know about! It only takes three players for a great game night of equal opportunity butt-kicking!”

http://www.facebook.com/pages/Shadowfist/180919495284693

Check out November’s Inner Kingdom Update to read up on the latest news and the long-awaited list of top Secret Warriors of 2011!
We have a new name at #1 this year!
http://www.shadowfist.com/node/3375

Hey Shadowfist friends! Inner Kingdom has released the board game, Zombie Dash. Available here: http://www.shadowfist.com/node/2968. We could use some help getting traffic to the game page athttp://boardgamegeek.com/boardgame/111292/zombie-dash. Please rate the game, or become a fan, or ‘Like’ it, if you like it. 🙂 Thanks!

www.shadowfist.com

Inner Kingdom Games’ very first board game pits players against each other as they race across town to safety! Outpace your opponents and beat your zombies to the finish line! For 3 to 6 players, ages 8 and up. Retail price: $24.95. Price below includes shipping.

http://s102.photobucket.com/albums/m92/Icehealer/?action=view&current=ZD1.jpgZombie Dash



Keyboard shortcuts and how to disable indexing on Kindle 3.

http://timctaylor.wordpress.com/2011/11/04/keyboard-shortcuts-and-how-to-disable-indexing-on-kindle-3/

Keyboard shortcuts and how to disable indexing on Kindle 3

My Kindle3 (Kindle Keyboard) recently started grinding to a halt every time I added a note or a highlight (a wait of up to a couple of minutes to save each note). A bit of digging showed that my firmware had recently updated to version 3.3 and this had re-enabled indexing.

Indexing is great for finding text within books. As any software coder will tell you, indexing isn’t easy to get right and there are always trade-offs. I’m an editor. I often make several thousand Kindle highlights and notes every month. That makes my usage pattern unusual enough that Amazon’s default settings make my Kindle unusable. I had previously solved this by disabling indexing. Unfortunately I’d forgotten how.

So here, as a reminder-to-self for the next time I need this, is how to disable indexing.

  1. Start at the HOME screen
  2. Bring up the search window (hit a letter key and then delete it)
  3. type in  ;debugOn   + ENTER You need to match the case and you need the symbol window OFF before you hit enter (the bit in the middle of the 5-way controller)
  4. type ~help + ENTER   to check you’ve activated debug mode.
  5. enter ‘disableIndexing
  6. enter ;debugOff
Not obvious, but works a treat.

Incidentally, there are a whole host of keyboard shortcuts you might not know about. Here’s a few:

  • ALT+SHIFT+H  Takes a screenshot (as a .gif file) and leaves in your ‘documents’ folder on the kindle
  • HOME->MENU->Settings->MENU->Restart  This gives a soft reset. Basically, if anything seems wonky, try this first. It’s like rebooting your PC.
  • ALT+SHIFT+M is naughty, so I won’t mention that.

There are loads more. Here’s a site that keeps a list. You can even download them to your Kindle. You might come across hacks that are downloaded applications. Be vary wary of these as they might become unstable with future firmware updates, and could be malicious.


Junk food may be as addictive as drugs
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-11-02/fatty-foods-addictive-as-cocaine-in-growing-body-of-science.html

From Robert Langreth and Duane D. Stanford on Bloomberg.com

Image via Technoccult blog. Click to go there.

“Cupcakes may be addictive, just like cocaine.

A growing body of medical research at leading universities and government laboratories suggests that processed foods and sugary drinks made by the likes of PepsiCo Inc. and Kraft Foods Inc. (KFT)aren’t simply unhealthy. They can hijack the brain in ways that resemble addictions to cocaine, nicotine and other drugs.

“The data is so overwhelming the field has to accept it,” said Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse. “We are finding tremendous overlap between drugs in the brain and food in the brain.”

The idea that food may be addictive was barely on scientists’ radar a decade ago. Now the field is heating up. Lab studies have found sugary drinks and fatty foods can produce addictive behavior in animals. Brain scans of obese people and compulsive eaters, meanwhile, reveal disturbances in brain reward circuits similar to those experienced by drug abusers.
Twenty-eight scientific studies and papers on food addiction have been published this year, according to a National Library of Medicine database. As the evidence expands, the science of addiction could become a game changer for the $1 trillion food and beverage industries.

If fatty foods and snacks and drinks sweetened with sugar and high fructose corn syrup are proven to be addictive, food companies may face the most drawn-out consumer safety battle since the anti-smoking movement took on the tobacco industry a generation ago.

‘Fun-for-You’
“This could change the legal landscape,” said Kelly Brownell, director of Yale University’s Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity and a proponent of anti-obesity regulation. “People knew for a long time cigarettes were killing people, but it was only later they learned about nicotine and the intentional manipulation of it.”

Food company executives and lobbyists are quick to counter that nothing has been proven, that nothing is wrong with what PepsiCo Chief Executive Officer Indra Nooyi calls “fun-for- you” foods, if eaten in moderation. In fact, the companies say they’re making big strides toward offering consumers a wide range of healthier snacking options. Nooyi, for one, is as well known for calling attention to PepsiCo’s progress offering healthier fare as she is for driving sales.

Coca-Cola Co. (KO), PepsiCo, Northfield, Illinois-based Kraft and Kellogg Co. of Battle Creek,Michigan, declined to grant interviews with their scientists.

No one disputes that obesity is a fast growing global problem. In the U.S., a third of adults and 17 percent of teens and children are obese, and those numbers are increasing. Across the globe, from Latin America, to Europe to Pacific Island nations, obesity rates are also climbing.

Cost to Society
The cost to society is enormous. A 2009 study of 900,000 people, published in The Lancet, found that moderate obesity reduces life expectancy by two to four years, while severe obesity shortens life expectancy by as much as 10 years. Obesity has been shown to boost the risk ofheart disease, diabetes, some cancers, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea and stroke, according to theCenters for Disease Control and Prevention. The costs of treating illness associated with obesity were estimated at $147 billion in 2008, according to a 2009 study in Health Affairs.

Sugars and fats, of course, have always been present in the human diet and our bodies are programmed to crave them. What has changed is modern processing that creates food with concentrated levels of sugars, unhealthy fats and refined flour, without redeeming levels of fiber or nutrients, obesity experts said. Consumption of large quantities of those processed foods may be changing the way the brain is wired.

A Lot Like Addiction
Those changes look a lot like addiction to some experts. Addiction “is a loaded term, but there are aspects of the modern diet that can elicit behavior that resembles addiction,” said David Ludwig, a Harvard researcher and director of the New Balance Foundation Obesity Prevention Center at Children’s Hospital Boston. Highly processed foods may cause rapid spikes and declines in blood sugar, increasing cravings, his research has found.

Education, diets and drugs to treat obesity have proven largely ineffective and the new science of obesity may explain why, proponents say. Constant stimulation with tasty, calorie- laden foods may desensitize the brain’s circuitry, leading people to consume greater quantities of junk food to maintain a constant state of pleasure.

In one 2010 study, scientists at Scripps Research Institute in Jupiter, Florida, fed rats an array of fatty and sugary products including Hormel Foods Corp. (HRL) bacon, Sara Lee Corp. (SLE)pound cake, The Cheesecake Factory Inc. (CAKE) cheesecake and Pillsbury Co. Creamy Supreme cake frosting. The study measured activity in regions of the brain involved in registering reward and pleasure through electrodes implanted in the rats.

Binge-Eating Rats
The rats that had access to these foods for one hour a day started binge eating, even when more nutritious food was available all day long. Other groups of rats that had access to the sweets and fatty foods for 18 to 23 hours per day became obese, Paul Kenny, the Scripps scientist heading the study wrote in the journal Nature Neuroscience. The results produced the same brain pattern that occurs with escalating intake of cocaine, he wrote.

“To see food do the same thing was mind-boggling,” Kenny later said in an interview.

Researchers are finding that damage to the brain’s reward centers may occur when people eat excessive quantities of food.

Sweet Rewards
In one 2010 study conducted by researchers at the University of Texas in Austin and theOregon Research Institute, a nonprofit group that studies human behavior, 26 overweight young women were given magnetic resonance imaging scans as they got sips of a milkshake made with Haagen-Dazs ice cream and Hershey Co. (HSY)’s chocolate syrup.

The same women got repeat MRI scans six months later. Those who had gained weight showed reduced activity in the striatum, a region of the brain that registers reward, when they sipped milkshakes the second time, according to the study results, published last year in the Journal of Neuroscience.

“A career of overeating causes blunted reward receipt, and this is exactly what you see with chronic drug abuse,” said Eric Stice, a researcher at the Oregon Research Institute.

Scientists studying food addiction have had to overcome skepticism, even from their peers. In the late 1990s, NIDA’s Volkow, then a drug addiction researcher at Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island, applied for a National Institutes of Health grant to scan obese people to see whether their brain reward centers were affected. Her grant proposal was turned down.

Finding Evidence
“I couldn’t get it funded,” she said in an interview. “The response was, there is no evidence that food produces addictive-like behaviors in the brain.”

Volkow, working with Brookhaven researcher Gene-Jack Wang, cobbled together funding from another government agency to conduct a study using a brain scanning device capable of measuring chemical activity inside the body using radioactive tracers.

Researchers were able to map dopamine receptor levels in the brains of 10 obese volunteers. Dopamine is a chemical produced in the brain that signals reward. Natural boosters of dopamine include exercise and sexual activity, but drugs such as cocaine and heroin also stimulate the chemical in large quantities.

In drug abusers, brain receptors that receive the dopamine signal may become unresponsive with increased drug usage, causing drug abusers to steadily increase their dosage in search of the same high. The Brookhaven study found that the obese people also had lowered levels of dopamine receptors compared with a lean control group.

Addicted to Sugar
The same year, psychologists at Princeton University began studying whether lab rats could become addicted to a 10 percent solution of sugar water, about the same percentage of sugar contained in most soft drinks.

An occasional drink caused no problems for the lab animals. Yet the researchers found dramatic effects when the rats were allowed to drink sugar-water every day. Over time they drank “more and more and more” while eating less of their usual diet, said Nicole Avena, who began the work as a graduate student at Princeton and is now a neuroscientist at the University of Florida….”

Read it all on Bloomberg.com

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-11-02/fatty-foods-addictive-as-cocaine-in-growing-body-of-science.html

Loren Foster aka shadolrds

“From Whom Words Shadow Doles”

/https://shadolrds.wordpress.com